Dental implant is a surgical element that interfaces with the jawbone, in order to hold a dental prosthesis like crown, bridge, denture etc. The modern dental implants follow osseointegration, which is the biological process in which the bones fuse to the surface of specific materials, such as ceramics or titanium.
Types of Dental Implants
- Endosteal implants: These implants are implanted in the jawbone. After the healing of the surrounding gum tissue, a surgery is performed to connect a post to the original implant. After this, an artificial tooth is attached to the post-individually, or grouped on a denture or a bridge. Every implant holds a prosthetic tooth. Being the most commonly used kind of implant, they are usually used for patients with bridges or removable dentures.
- Subperiosteal implants: Such implants have a metal frame fixed on the jawbone. It is placed just below the gum tissue, and gets fixed to the jaw bone as the gum heals. These implants are suggested to patients who are not able to use conventional dentures or with minimal bone weight.
Why are dental implants so effective?
Since implants can fuse with the jawbone, a steady and firm support is available for the artificial tooth. Due to this, dentures and bridges mounted to implants do not fall from its position. The secure fit helps the dentures, bridges and individual crowns placed to feel natural. An advantage of dental implants is that the adjacent teeth need not be prepared to hold the newly replaced tooth properly in place.
When do you need a dental implant?
Depending upon the condition of a patient and the kind of implant chosen, a treatment plan is prepared to meet a patient’s specific needs. The situations where a dental implant is required can be as follows:-
- Replacing single tooth: One implant and a crown can replace a missing tooth.
- Replacing several teeth: If the patient is missing more than one tooth, implant supported bridges are used to replace them.
- Replacing all the teeth: If a patient is missing all of the teeth, a full denture or an implant supported full bridge can replace them.
- Sinus augmentation: The upper back jaw is considered as one of the most challenging areas for successfully placing dental implants due to close proximity to the sinus and insufficient bone quality and quantity. Sinus augmentation can help solve the issue by developing bone and raising the sinus floor for placing dental implants.
- Ridge modification: Deformities in the upper or lower jaw can result in inadequate bone to place an implant. The gum is lifted away from the ridge to solve the problem, and the defect is filled with bone or bone substitute o build up the ridge.
What are the key benefits of dental implants?
- Stimulate bone growth and prevent bone loss
- Speak comfortably
- Prevent cavities from occurring in an implant restored crown
- Retain the[TYPO – You used “he” and it should have been “the”] natural smile and shape of the face
- Considered as a long term solution
- Replaced teeth won’t move, click or shift